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A Byzantine era pillar embedded into the early 20th century church on the site

It is possible that the flint and limestone outcrop behind the building that functions as a synagogue today connects back to the very first inhabitants of Jerusalem.

In 2009, excavations in nearby Ramat Rachel revealed enormous quantities of flint tools dating to the Paleolithic period, some 300,000 years ago.
Joe Zias , (anthropologist, paleopathologist and former curator of archaeology/anthropology at the Israel Antiquities Authority) connects this discovery with the presence of other, rare, flint formations on hilltop sites in Jerusalem, close to Abu Tor, and suggests that the outcrop in the Greek compound may have been used for the production of early flint tools as well.
Excavations in and around the compound`s rocky outcrop have not been performed.
However during a recent initial examination of the compound by the Israel Antiquities Authority, at the behest of the developers, evidence of a quarry was revealed some 100 meters east of the rock.